Inland fisheries are a critical source of food and income in some of the poorest nations on Earth. A 2017 Global Environmental Change Perspective Piece by InFish members came to a conclusion that including inland fisheries in national policy statements and programs can promote economic and social growth for the poor and prevent further poverty escalation. Poverty, along with unsustainable choices, can lead to degradation of inland fisheries resources and greater poverty.
The Seventeen Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set a target to end poverty, protect the planet, and ensure prosperity by 2030. This goal contains seven targets, including the eradication of extreme poverty, ensuring equal access to economic resources, and improving resilience of poor communities by reducing vulnerability to climate change and economic or environmental shocks.